The digital divide is one aspect of the world’s resource disparities between the northern hemisphere and the south. Why are we talking about a digital divide ? Numeric fraction What is the digital divide? The digital divide, translated from the American “Digital Divide”, arose in the United States at the end of the 90s. The rapporteurs of the Benin Email List National Telecommunications and Information Administration point the finger at this digital divide, corresponding to inequality of access to the benefits of ICT ( Information and Communication Technologies ) and to all of the resulting inequalities. The digital divide can be measured: Between developed countries or not, At the national level and within moderately dense areas.
(in the Paris region, 25% of lines cannot have an ADSL speed greater than 5 Mbits / s) Other factors favor this digital divide: the geographical location (Internet access is more expensive and / or more difficult in rural areas than in urban areas, the social situation more or less privileged and educated) … The digital divide symbolizes a rift between individuals or social groups (well integrated into the information society) and those “excluded” from the information society in which we live. There is the geographic and social digital divide , concerning Internet access (and not its uses), then the generational digital divide, a new digital divide. The generational digital divide It is also called the cultural divide , symbolizing a divide in the uses of the Internet within society.
Web 3.0, semantics, 3D, yes, but more …
This divide is generated by the new generation born with the Internet and using, therefore, all communication networks with disconcerting ease :). This new generation is called “digital natives” and the older generation “digital immigrants” . Numeric fraction What is “ICT”? New keys to the information society, ICT (Information and Communication Technologies), offer new tools to improve the information system and contribute to the development of disadvantaged regions. The areas concerned are management, commerce, governance and education. Communication tools by broadband connection, have multiplied the possibilities of commerce and distance education, in underdeveloped or rural regions. In Africa, the expansion of mobile telephony has boosted the economy of some regions. However, economic and social disparities are reflected in access to ICTs.
According to the ITU (International Telecommunications Union) report, in 2006: 93% of 3-generation ICT subscribers live in the regions of Asia, the Pacific and America. Oceania and Africa have a small percentage. In several developed countries, one in two citizens in 2005 was connected to the Internet. On the other hand, the proportion in Africa was one in 250. The reasons for this observation: the means are lacking in many regions to permanently implement technologies and take advantage of them. There is a boom in ICT linked to the multiplication of possibilities for the development of communication. On the other hand, the digital divide is growing between the advantaged and the disadvantaged. The triple digital divide in France According to a government report dated April 20, 2011 on the fight against the digital divide, there are these 3 types of digital divides in France.
What does web 3.0 still have in store for us?
Generational It seems that seniors are more isolated than in other European countries. 18% of people over 65 use the Internet (65% in Denmark and 68% in Finland). More than 80% of 15-24 year olds are connected in France. The more children a household has, the more likely it is to use the Internet. Social Only 34% of people with the lowest incomes have a computer and 28% have Internet access. Conversely, 91% and 87% for people with the highest incomes. Lower prices (linked to increased competition) can remedy these disparities. Cultural 56% of people with the least education generally have less access to a computer, compared to 50% using the Internet.
The geographic digital divide in France is minimal, 70% of the population is equipped with a computer. 65% of the population has an Internet connection. In the Arcep (Telecommunications Regulatory Authority) report, it is stipulated that citizens now prefer the Internet for information, on the radio and the paper press. 23 million people, or 42% of the French population, use social networks to communicate. generational divide In short, To better understand the disparities in access to the Internet and to a computer, it is necessary to analyze the age of the population, the social origin, the cultural aspect, the geographical location and the level of training of the users. The globalization of activities would make it possible to reduce the disparities between countries in order to make accessible or improve or even increase access to art, advance business, knowledge, scientific research, to think about …
This question can also be approached from two different angles: the evolution of web technology on the one hand (web 3.0, semantic web, 3D web, etc.), and the evolution of the use of the web (sociology) on the other hand. The point on which all the actors of the web agree is a simple observation: the web has already undergone several changes since its creation and more are to come. Web 3.0, semantics, 3D, yes, but more … There are studies and sources making it possible to date the periods of the different versions of the Web, they sometimes appear contradictory. It is certainly more correct to speak of the era of the Web (without obscuring the Marketing aspect).