What is its role exactly? How do I create the robots.txt file? And how to use it for your SEO? The robots.txt is a text file, its placement is at the root of your website. It prohibits search engine robots from indexing certain areas of your Trinidad and Tobago Email List website. The robots.txt file is one of the first files analyzed by spiders (robots) . What is it used for ? The robots.txt file gives instructions to the search engine robots that analyze your website, it is a robot exclusion protocol . Thanks to this file, you can prohibit crawling and indexing of: your site to certain robots (also called “ agents ” or “ spiders ”), some pages of your site to robots and / or some pages to some robots.
To fully understand the value of the robots.txt file, we can take the example of a site made up of a public area for communicating with customers and an intranet reserved for employees. In this case, the public area is accessible to robots and the private area is prohibited from access. This file also tells search engines the address of the website’s sitemap file . A meta tag named “robots” placed in the html code of a web page prohibits its indexing with the following syntax. Where can I find the ROBOTS.TXT file? The robots.txt file is located at the root level of your website . To check its presence on your site, type in the address bar of your browser: If the file is: now, it will be displayed and the robots will follow the instructions in the file.
What is the robots.txt file?
absent, a 404 error will be displayed and the robots will consider that no content is prohibited. A website contains only one file for robots and its name must be exact and in lowercase (robots.txt) . How to create it? To create your robots txt file, you must be able to access the root of your domain. The robots TXT file is created manually or generated by default by the majority of CMS like WordPress at the time of their installation. But it is also possible to create your file for robots with online tools . For manual creation, you use a simple text editor such as Notepad while respecting both: syntax and instructions, a file name: robots.txt, a structure: one instruction per line and no empty lines.
To access the root folder of your website, you must have FTP access. If you do not have this access, you will not be able to create it and you will have to contact your host or your web agency . The robots.txt files use the following statements or commands: User-agent : user-agents are the robots of search engines, for example Googlebot for Google or Bingbot for Bing. Disallow : disallow is the instruction that denies user-agents access to a url or a folder. Allow : allow is an instruction allowing access to a url placed in a forbidden folder. Example robots.txt file: # file for the robots of the site (authorizes the access to all the robots) Disallow: / intranet / (forbids the exploration of the intranet folder) Disallow: / login .
The syntax and instructions of the robots.txt file
php (prohibits the exploration of the url (authorizes access to all css resources) Sitemap: (link to the sitemap for referencing) In the example above, the User-agent command is applied to all crawlers by inserting an asterisk . The hash mark is used to display comments, comments are not taken into account by robots. You will find on the site the resources specific to certain search engines and certain CMS. Robots.txt and SEO In terms of optimizing the SEO of your website, the robots.txt file allows you to: prevent robots from indexing duplicate content , provide the sitemap to the robots to provide indications on the URLs to be indexed, save the “ crawl budget ” of Google robots by excluding poor quality pages from your website.
How to test your robots.txt file? To test your robots.txt file, all you need to do is create and authenticate your site on Google Search Console . Once your account has been created, you will need to click on the Exploration menu in the menu and then on Robots.txt file test tool . robots.txt Testing the robots.txt file verifies that all important URLs can be indexed by Google. To conclude, if you want to master the indexing of your website, creating a robots.txt file is essential . If no file is present, all the urls found by the robots will be indexed and will be found in the results of the search engines.The more SEO levers are used, the more the page will climb in the results, and the more it will attract traffic generating conversions, therefore customers, therefore turnover, etc. To index is to classify.